Looking for famous landmarks in Germany?
From fairytale castles in the mountains to modern architectural marvels, Germany offers a diverse range of landmarks that tell the story of its past, present, and future.
Some of the most popular tourist destinations include the Black Forest, the Oktoberfest in Munich, and the castles of Bavaria.
Here are 25 famous landmarks in Germany to add to your bucketlist.
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Most Famous German Landmarks
Germany is a country with a long and rich history, and its many landmarks reflect the diverse culture and heritage of the German people.
From the towering castles of the Rhineland to the iconic Berlin Wall, there are plenty of famous landmarks to explore in Germany.
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most recognizable symbols of Berlin, and it has been a popular tourist destination for centuries. The Reichstag building is another well-known landmark in the city, and it is home to the German Parliament.
The cathedral in Cologne is one of the largest and most beautiful churches in Europe, and it is a must-see for any traveller to Germany. No matter your interests, you will indeed find plenty of famous landmarks to explore in Germany.
#1 The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical barrier that divided East and West Germany. It was erected in 1961 and stood for 28 years until it was breached in 1989. The wall was 12 feet high and 4 feet wide, and it ran for 96 miles.
It was made of concrete, metal, and barbed wire. The wall symbolized the Cold War, and its fall marked the end of communism in Eastern Europe. Today, the Berlin Wall is one of the most famous German monuments.
Visitors can see a section of the original wall at the Berlin Wall Memorial or explore the East Side Gallery, an open-air museum featuring paintings by international artists.
The Berlin Wall is one of the city’s most famous landmarks, and it continues to symbolize freedom and unity.
#2 Burg Eltz Castle
One of the most famous landmarks in Germany is Burg Eltz Castle. Built in the 12th century, the castle has been passed down through generations of the same family and remains in excellent condition today.
Visitors can explore the many rooms and corridors of the castle, which are filled with furniture and works of art from centuries past. In addition, the castle grounds offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside.
As one of the most well-preserved castles in Europe, Burg Eltz Castle is a must-see for any traveller to Germany.
#3 Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is one of Germany’s most famous landmarks and attractions and a UNESCO World Heritage site. The cathedral is located in the city of Cologne and is a popular tourist destination.
The cathedral is known for its Gothic architecture and for its two towers, which are the tallest in Germany. The cathedral also has a beautiful stained glass window, one of the world’s largest.
The cathedral is open to the public, and guided tours are often available.
#4 Neuschwanstein Castle
Located in the Bavarian Alps, the castle was built by King Ludwig II in the late 19th century. Inspired by the work of Richard Wagner, Ludwig II constructed Neuschwanstein as a tribute to the composer.
Today, the castle is one of the most popular landmarks in Germany, attracting over 1.3 million visitors each year. While Neuschwanstein is often referred to as “the Disney castle,” it is actually a much more impressive and elegant structure.
With its soaring towers and fairytale design, Neuschwanstein is truly a must-see for any traveller to Germany.
#5 Berlin TV Tower
The Berlin Tower is one of the most iconic landmarks in Germany. The tower was built in the early 20th century and stands at the height of nearly 300 feet.
The tower is located in the centre of Berlin, making it an ideal spot for views of the city. The tower is also a popular destination for tourists who admire the views and take photos.
In addition to being a landmark, the Berlin Tower is also a symbol of the city’s history. The tower was destroyed during World War II, but it was rebuilt after the war and now stands as a reminder of the city’s resilience.
#6 Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate is a symbol of Berlin. Built to commemorate German victory over France in 1806, it’s the only remaining gate from when they were first built as an entranceway for all those coming into town back then!
North up on Paris Square, you’ll find the Reichstag building, which houses both chambers common among other European nations’ Parlaments but also many rooms dedicated justly remembering Jews who died during World War II – such hallowed ground can’t be overlooked by anyone visiting this beautiful city.
When the Berlin Wall fell, the Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of unity and opened to traffic in 1989.
#7 Stolzenfels Castle
The castle was built in the 13th century and was used as a fortress during the Thirty Years’ War. In 1814, the castle was captured by the French and was turned into a hotel.
Today, the castle is open to the public and is one of Germany’s most popular tourist attractions.
Visitors can explore the castle’s grounds, visit the museum, and enjoy the stunning views of the Rhine River.
#8 Lake Constance
Landmarks in Germany are plenty and varied, from soaring mountains to pristine rivers, from ancient castles to modern buildings.
Lake Constance, called Bodensee in German, this huge lake is actually situated on the border of three countries: Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.
At over 43 miles long and nearly 12 miles wide, it’s one of the largest lakes in all of Europe.
Wwith its stunning mountain backdrop and clear blue waters, it’s no wonder that Lake Constance is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Germany.
Whether you’re looking to relax on the beach, take a cruise on the lake, or hike in the foothills of the Alps, Lake Constance has something for everyone.
#9 Bastei Bridge
The bridge was built in 1851, and it is made of sandstone. The bridge is 274 meters long and 24 meters wide. It has 42 arches. The Bastei Bridge is one of the famous German monuments.
It is located in Saxon Switzerland National Park – one of the best national parks in Europe. The Bastei Bridge is a famous landmark in Germany. It is definitely worth a visit if you are ever in the area!
#10 The Berlin Wall Memorial
The Berlin Wall Memorial is one of the most historic landmarks in East Berlin. It is a must-see for anyone visiting the city. The memorial is situated on the former East German border site, commemorating the Berlin Wall victims.
The memorial consists of a series of concrete posts and a wall of remembrance. The posts represent the lives lost during the East German regime, and the wall serves as a reminder of the dividing line between East and West Berlin.
Visitors to the memorial can learn about the history of the Berlin Wall and pay tribute to those who lost their lives trying to cross it.
#11 German Parliament
The city centre of Berlin is home to many historic buildings, including the Reichstag and the German Parliament. The Parliament is located in the city’s historic Town Hall, which was built in the early 19th century.
The building has a classical facade, and its interior is decorated with many murals and paintings. The Parliament is a popular tourist destination, and its chambers are open to the public.
Visitors can also tour the historic building, including a stop at the Museum of German History. The Parliament is a great place to learn about Germany’s history and political system, and it’s also a lot of fun to explore.
#12 Frankfurt Cathedral
Frankfurt Cathedral or the Kaiserdom in Frankfurt am Main, is one of the most iconic German landmarks. The Gothic cathedral is located in the heart of Frankfurt’s old town and has been a popular tourist destination for centuries.
The Kaiserdom is known for its beautiful stained glass windows and intricate stone carvings. It is also one of the oldest landmarks in Frankfurt, having been built in the 14th century.
Today, the Kaiserdom is one of Frankfurt’s most popular tourist attractions, attracting thousands of visitors each year.
#13 Elbe River
The Elbe River is one of the most iconic waterways in Germany and is home to many historical landmarks. Among these is the Saxon Switzerland National Park, which is a popular destination for hiking and climbing.
The Elbe River also flows through several other iconic German landmarks, including the city of Hamburg.
As a result, the Elbe River is a popular tourist destination for those who want to experience the best of what Germany has to offer.
#14 Mount Zugspitze
Mount Zugspitze is one of the most famous German landmarks. It is the highest mountain in Germany and the tallest peak in the Bavarian Alps. The mountain is located in the state of Bavaria, near the border with Austria.
Mount Zugspitze is a popular tourist destination; many people visit the mountain yearly to enjoy the breathtaking views. In addition to its scenic beauty, Mount Zugspitze is also home to many ski resorts and hiking trails.
Whether you’re looking for a thrilling adventure or a relaxing getaway, Mount Zugspitze is sure to have something for you.
#15 Berlin Cathedral
Berlin Cathedral is one of the most famous monuments in Germany. It is located in the Mitte district of Berlin, on the west side of the River Spree. The cathedral is a Lutheran church, and it is the seat of the Bishop of Berlin.
The cathedral was built in 1451 and was destroyed during World War II. It was rebuilt in 1993 and is now one of Berlin’s most popular tourist destinations.
The cathedral is also home to a museum, which houses a collection of art from the Middle Ages to the present day.
Visitors can also climb to the top of the cathedral’s bell tower for a panoramic view of Berlin.
#16 Nymphenburg Palace
One of Munich’s most popular tourist destinations is the Nymphenburg Palace. It was the summer residence of the Bavarian monarchs and today is open to the public.
The palace grounds are extensive, and there is also a gorgeous baroque garden. Visitors can take a horse-drawn carriage ride around the grounds or explore the palace’s many rooms, which are filled with artwork and historical treasures.
Of course, no visit to Nymphenburg Palace would be complete without taking a selfie in front of the iconic fountain. So if you’re ever in Munich, be sure to add this landmark to your itinerary!
Read More About Visiting Munich With Kids here
#17 Beethoven monument
Bonn’s Beethoven monument is one of West Germany’s most famous sculptures. The life-size statue, created by English artist Henry Moore, depicts the composer’s head on a plinth with his arms crossed.
The Bonn Beethoven monument was unveiled in August of 1986 and has been a popular attraction ever since. Visitors to the monument often take photos of themselves with the famous composer, and it has become something of a Bonn landmark.
If you’re ever in the area, be sure to check it out!
#18 The Monument to the Battle of the Nations
The Monument to the Battle of the Nations is an iconic landmark in Leipzig, Germany. Built to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig, it is one of the largest monuments in northern Europe.
Standing over 300 feet tall, the monument features a massive statue of a lion on a granite pedestal. Visitors can take an elevator to the top of the pedestal for panoramic views of the city.
The monument is also surrounded by a large park perfect for picnics or leisurely walks. Whether you’re looking for historical significance or breathtaking views, the Monument to the Battle of the Nations is sure to impress.
#19 Checkpoint Charlie
Checkpoint Charlie, the most renowned crossing point between East and West Berlin, is one of Germany’s most recognizable and significant landmarks.
Berlin was a city divided by the Berlin Wall during the split of Germany. You had to pass through one of the three checkpoints to get from one side to the other. The most well-known was Checkpoint Charlie, which was situated in the heart of Berlin.
The crossing was used frequently by East Germans who wanted to escape into West Germany since it was the sole way for Allied officials and foreign visitors to enter East Germany.
Today, Checkpoint Charlie is among the most well-known tourist destinations in Berlin. It reminds people of the conflict that existed during the Cold War.
#20 The Eagles Nest
The Eagles Nest is a natural landmark located in Germany. The peak of the nest is at an altitude of 2,200 feet (670 meters) above sea level.
The Eagles Nest is surrounded by forests and has a beautiful view of the surrounding mountains. The area is also home to many other natural landmarks, such as the Black Forest and the Rhine River.
Dachau was one of the first concentration camps established by the Nazis during World War II. The camp was located just outside of Munich and quickly became a model for other camps that were established in the years to come.
Dachau was originally intended for political prisoners, but it eventually expanded to include Jews, Roma, homosexuals, and others who were considered “undesirable” by the Nazi regime.
The conditions at Dachau were notoriously brutal, and the death rate was high. However, the camp also became a site of resistance, as prisoners staged hunger strikes and attempted to smuggle out news of the atrocities that were taking place.
In April 1945, Dachau was liberated by American troops, and the survivors began to rebuild their lives. Today, the camp is a memorial to those who perished during World War II and stands as a reminder of the human capacity for suffering and resistance.
#22 Mercedes-Benz Museum
The Mercedes-Benz Museum is one of the most famous museums in the world. It is located in Stuttgart, Germany, and it is dedicated to the history of Mercedes-Benz.
The museum has a collection of over 1,500 vehicles, and it also has a library, a cafe, and a shop.
The Mercedes-Benz Museum is open daily from 9 am to 6 pm, and Admission is free. If you’re ever in Stuttgart, make sure to check out this amazing museum!
#23 Sanssouci Palace and Park
Sanssouci Palace and Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in west Berlin.
The palace was built in the 18th century as a summer residence for Frederick the Great, and it is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in the city.
Beautifully landscaped gardens surround the palace, and visitors can also explore the ruins of an ancient Roman bathhouse. Sanssouci is a French word meaning “carefree,” and it is easy to see why the palace got its name.
The grounds are simply gorgeous, and it is easy to imagine enjoying a carefree day of leisure here. Sanssouci Palace and Park are worth visiting if you are ever in west Berlin!
#24 Elbphilharmonie Hall in Hamburg
The Elbphilharmonie is a concert hall located in Hamburg, Germany. The hall is one of the most famous German art and architecture pieces and has been featured in numerous magazines and newspapers.
The hall is also a popular tourist destination and is known for its unique design and acoustics. The Elbphilharmonie was built on top of an existing warehouse, consisting of two glass towers connected by a bridge.
The hall has a seating capacity of 2,100 people and features a state-of-the-art sound system. The Elbphilharmonie is home to the Hamburg Symphony Orchestra, and it hosts a variety of concerts and events throughout the year.
#25 Geierlay Suspension Bridge
The Geierlay Suspension Bridge is one of Germany’s most popular natural landmarks. The bridge spans an impressive 360 meters and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.
It is also the longest suspension bridge in the country, making it a popular destination for thrill seekers and adventure seekers alike. If you’re looking for an adrenaline rush, the Geierlay Suspension Bridge is definitely worth a visit!
The most famous German landmark is probably the Brandenburg Gate, which is located in the capital city of Berlin. The gate was built in the 18th century and has become an iconic symbol of both Berlin and Germany as a whole.
Two famous buildings in Germany are the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag. The Brandenburg Gate is an enormous archway that was once part of the Berlin Wall. The Reichstag is the seat of the German Parliament and is located in Berlin. Both of these buildings are famous for their history and architecture.
Germany is home to many national monuments, but perhaps the most famous is the Berlin Wall. This iconic structure once divided the city of Berlin into East and West, and its fall in 1989 marked the end of the Cold War.
More on Germany
Sylvie Simpson is the founder of European Cities with Kids. For the past 6 years, she has been travelling all over Europe whenever she has the chance, both solo, for work and with her daughter. Sylvie is on a mission to help people make the most of city breaks in Europe with kids and helps over 50,000 readers per month plan and make the most of their trips in Europe with kids.