Are you wondering ‘What is the oldest country in Europe? Whether you’re homeschooling on the road or you want to learn a bit more about the history of your travel destinations, Look no further!
Europe is home to some of the oldest countries in the world, with a rich history that spans centuries.
The concept of countries in Europe dates back o the Middle Ages when the concept of nation-states began to emerge.
Defining the Oldest Country in Europe
Determining the oldest country in Europe can be a bit tricky as there are different criteria for establishing the age of a country. One way to define a country’s age is by its establishment date as an independent state.
Another way is to consider the continuity of the state’s institutions, such as its monarchy or government. By either measure, Europe’s oldest countries have a long and fascinating history.
What is the Oldest Country in Europe?
One way to determine the oldest country in Europe is by looking at the date of its establishment as an independent state. Using this criterion, the oldest country in Europe is Bulgaria, which was established in 681 AD.
However, other countries, such as San Marino, can also make a claim to being the oldest country in Europe. San Marino is a small republic located in Italy that was founded in 301 AD and is considered the oldest surviving sovereign state in the world. While it is not a country in the traditional sense, it is still a unique and fascinating destination to visit.
It is important to note that the concept of countries in Europe has evolved over time, and many modern countries have their roots in much older civilizations and empires. For example, Greece, while established as an independent state in 1821, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years to ancient Greece.
The Top 5 Oldest Countries in Europe
1. Bulgaria – Established 681 AD
Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe by the date of establishment. The first Bulgarian state was founded in 681 AD by Khan Asparuh, who united several Slavic tribes and established a powerful empire in the Balkans. Bulgaria has a rich cultural heritage, and visitors can explore its ancient ruins, medieval fortresses, and vibrant cities.
2. San Marino – Established 301 AD
San Marino is the oldest surviving sovereign state in the world, having been founded in 301 AD. Located in the heart of Italy, this tiny republic boasts a rich history and culture that spans over 17 centuries. Visitors can explore its medieval castles, quaint villages, and stunning countryside.
3. Denmark – Established 965 AD
Denmark is one of the oldest countries in Europe, having been established as a unified kingdom in 965 AD. This Nordic nation has a long and fascinating history, with a rich cultural heritage that includes Viking settlements, medieval castles, and modern design. Visitors can explore its picturesque cities, scenic countryside, and charming coastal towns.
Portugal – Established 868 AD
Portugal is one of the oldest countries in Europe, having been established in 868 AD. This Iberian nation has a rich history and culture, with a unique blend of Roman, Moorish, and European influences. Visitors can explore its historic cities, medieval castles, and stunning coastline.
Greece – Established 1821 AD
Greece is one of the oldest countries in Europe, having played a pivotal role in the development of Western civilization. Although Greece gained independence in 1821, its history spans thousands of years, with a rich cultural heritage that includes ancient ruins, Byzantine churches, and modern cities. Visitors can explore its picturesque islands, stunning beaches, and vibrant cities.
Map of the Oldest Countries in Europe
Europe’s oldest countries offer a fascinating glimpse into the continent’s rich history and culture. From ancient ruins and medieval castles to modern cities and stunning landscapes, these destinations have something to offer everyone. Here are some more articles you may enjoy if you love exploring the history of Europe: