There are so many famous landmarks in Europe that it’s hard to know where to start. When you’re planning your next European city break, have a look at the best landmarks in Europe that the whole family will enjoy! From European historical sites to Europe tourist attractions, the landmarks of Europe are always worth a visit.
List of European Landmarks
- The Eiffel Tower
- Big Ben
- The Acropolis and the Parthenon
- The Colosseum
- The Matterhorn
- Loch Ness
- Leaning Tower of Pisa
- The Sistine Chapel
- The Berlin Wall
- The Little Mermaid Statue
- The Beatles Statue
- Clifton Suspension Bridge
- The Belfry of Brugge
- Discovery Point and the RSS Discovery
- Odysseus’s Cave
- C.S. Lewis Square
- Blarney Stone and Blarney Castle & Gardens
- Cardiff Castle
- Ales Stenar
- Westminster Abbey
- St. Peter’s Basilica
- Sagrada Familia
- The Hungarian Parliament Building
- Tower Bridge
- The Louvre Museum
- Buckingham Palace
- Arc De Triomphe
- Milan Cathedral
- Buda Castle
- Notre Dam Cathedral
- Brandenburg Gate
- Reichstag Parliament Building
- Mont Saint Michel
- Windsor Castle
- Neuschwanstein Castle
- Prague Castle
- The London Eye
- Oia Charles Bridge
- The Royal Palace of Madrid
- The Palace of Versailles
- Church of Santa Maria Del Fiore
- Château de Chambord
- Hagia Sophia
- Grand Canal
- The Giant’s Causeway
- Piazza San Marco
- Riga TV Tower
- Berlin TV Tower
- Zagreb Cathedral
- Vasco Da Gama Bridge
- Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion
- Shipwreck Beach, Zakynthos
- The Hohensalzburg Fortress
- Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna
Most Famous Landmarks in Europe Map
Top 10 Famous Landmarks in Europe
These ten landmarks are some of the most well-known, and they’re amongst the top landmarks in the world. These famous European places are sure to please everyone, whether you’re exploring alone or in Europe with kids.
1. The Eiffel Tower
When you think of famous structures in Europe, The Eiffel Tower – the most-visited paid monument in the world – is definitely top of the list! It’s one of the most famous landmarks in Europe and the most iconic of the landmarks in Paris.
Some of the best landmarks of France are in Paris, but the tower is definitely top of the list! There are two restaurants in the tower, and on top of that, there are fantastic views of the whole of Paris. Be warned, though – there can be long queues to keep this in mind if travelling with kids!
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2. Big Ben
A by-word of English landmarks, Big Ben is actually called the Great Bell of Elizabeth Tower. If someone is asked to think of Britain landmarks anywhere globally, the tower and its bell are usually the first to come to mind!
The best landmarks in England start in Westminster, and Big Ben’s chime isn’t to be missed.
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3. The Acropolis and the Parthenon
Among the best landmarks in Greece, the Acropolis and the temple atop it are some of the most famous architecture in Europe. The word “acropolis” means “highest point of the city”, which is why it’s the most visible of Athens landmarks.
The Parthenon temple of Athena was completed in 432 BC and is just one of the famous ancient buildings on the citadel. As well as a historic trail, the site has a fun museum.
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4. The Colosseum
Historical sites in Europe are all over the place. Still, nothing is so prevalent in the imagination as the Ancient Roman Colosseum – the largest standing amphitheatre in the world despite being nearly 1,950 years old!
The ancient gladiator arena is now among the most famous landmarks in Europe and one of the most visited and best landmarks in Italy. As well as guided tours of the ancient underground passages that transported animals and gladiators, the architecture is breathtaking – something for people of all ages, which is why it’s in the top 4 famous landmarks in Europe.
5. The Matterhorn
The Alps, Switzerland and Italy
Natural landmarks in Europe are some of the most astounding and beautiful in the world. The Matterhorn mountain straddles the border of Switzerland and Italy and is a natural pyramid that forms one of the highest mountain peaks on the continent.
It is among the must-see landmarks in Europe, and it’s one of the best landmarks in Switzerland (and Italy!). A trek of the mountain takes about ten days and can include a visit to the alpine museum.
6. Loch Ness
Southwest of Inverness, Scotland
The stunning Highlands of Scotland feature many beautiful lakes and other scenery, but none is as well known as one of the best landmarks in Scotland: Loch Ness. It’s one of the most famous places in Europe.
Long rumoured to be home to Nessie, the affectionate nickname given to the mystical dinosaur-like creature known as the Loch Ness Monster, the second-largest loch in Scotland. It’s surrounded by nine villages, souvenir shops, museums, and another of the top historical sites in Europe, Urquhart Castle.
7. Leaning Tower of Pisa
One of the most photographed landmarks in Western Europe is this famously wonky tower! This famous landmark in Europe is a freestanding cathedral bell tower that leans at least 5 degrees from normal and is still ever-so-slowly falling due to the soft ground.
However, The Leaning Tower of Pisa is not going anywhere soon – it’s survived its fair share of earthquakes despite its vulnerability. Thousands of tourists take selfies “holding up” the tower every day. It’s a can’t-be-missed among Europe monuments.
8. The Sistine Chapel
Amazing frescos and Michelangelo’s stunning painted ceiling are enough to make Sistine chapel a must for those looking for beautiful landmarks in Europe.
The chapel is inside the official residence of the Catholic pope, known as the Apostolic Palace, itself a very famous building in Europe. The chapel, considered one of the most iconic landmarks of countries globally, also hosts various musical performances.
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The most mystical of British landmarks is the standing stone circle associated with druids, faeries, and other ancient magic. Stonehenge dates back at least 2000 BCE but may be around a thousand years older or more.
It holds a place of reverence amongst England landmarks and is one of Europe’s most interesting landmarks. Theories to its origins include a burial ground, a ritual site, and more – but nobody knowing for sure is half of the magic.
10. The Berlin Wall
A more modern monument stands (sort of) as one of the most important landmarks in Europe.
Built in 1961, it stood until 1989, splitting Berlin in two for political and ideological reasons. In 1990, the wall was demolished, paving the way for Germany’s reunification. It’s a popular feature in art, music, games, and more and is one of the best landmarks in Germany for those interested in recent history.
It tells a poignant story among European city landmarks that shouldn’t be forgotten.
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11. The Little Mermaid Statue
Denmark landmarks are some of the best landmarks in Northern Europe, and one of the best landmarks in Denmark for kids and adults to see is the statue of the little mermaid becoming human, right on a rock by the waterside.
It’s one of the most whimsical landmarks in Europe, based on the Hans Christian Andersen tale. It’s considered amongst Europe’s iconic landmarks that represent cities.
12. The Beatles Statue
For any fan of classic music, the Beatles landmarks in Liverpool aren’t to be missed, and the famous statue is one of the best. The statue consists of the four members of the iconic band at 1.5x life-size, gracing the Pier Head riverside. It’s one of the best landmarks in London for those interested in music and music history.
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13. Clifton Suspension Bridge
Bridges make up some of the most famous architecture in Europe. The Clifton Bridge is famous amongst Bristol landmarks, reaching the Avon Gorge and the River Avon. Interestingly, the two towers on the bridge are not quite identical.
Many cultural events have taken place on the bridge, such as the first modern bungee jump, the last ever Concorde flight, and the Olympic torch relay, making it an unexpected gem amongst cultural places in Europe.
14. The Belfry of Bruges
There are a lot of Belgium landmarks that aren’t to be missed, and the iconic bell tower of Brugge is one of them! Brugge landmarks are some of the city’s most prominent features, and the Belfry has been famous among Belgian landmarks since its construction in the 13th century.
It’s right in the middle of the market square, making for a fun and fascinating family day out to one of the best landmarks in Belgium.
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15. Discovery Point and the RRS Discovery
Some landmarks in Europe used to move around. The steam research ship is now a floating museum that has pride of place amongst Dundee landmarks and is especially fun for families.
The ship has been to the Antarctic and back! It’s amongst the best tourist sites in Europe and offers lively education and events for kids and adults alike – it really is a living museum!
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16. Odysseus’s Cave (Ogygia)
One of the best landmarks in Croatia was a site in a famous Greek myth – the story of Odysseus. Odysseus sheltered for seven years within the stunningly beautiful caves of these Croatia landmarks after being shipwrecked in a storm.
There, he met the nymph, Calypso, who fell in love with him and trapped them in the idyllic sights and beautiful warm waters until Zeus intervened.
As well as its historical and mythical value, the cave has a bonus fun surprise – the beautiful water is excellent for swimming!
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17. C.S. Lewis Square
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Another whimsy amongst landmarks in Europe, one of the best landmarks in Northern Ireland, is the square dedicated to the creator of Narnia, C.S. Lewis. It’s one of the most delightful landmarks Europe has to offer, complete with statues, trees, a visitor’s centre, a coffee bar, and more. It’s a very quiet Europe landmark, but it’s definitely worth a visit, especially if the kids have spent time in the magical world of Narnia.
18. Blarney Stone, Blarney Castle & Gardens
This fantastic castle is one of Ireland’s most famous and best landmarks. It dates back to before the 13th century and is one of the most famous European buildings. Compared to some old buildings in Europe; though it is partially ruined, the castle still stands enough to host exciting tours and adventures for all ages.
What makes it stand out amongst famous European landmarks is the Blarney Stone, a magical stone that will supposedly grant the gift of the gab if kissed.
19. Cardiff Castle
Cardiff Castle is definitely a gem amongst famous buildings in Europe, and there’s a reason it’s one of the best landmarks in Wales. It’s been a mediaeval castle and a Victorian Gothic mansion, so those looking for famous buildings in Europe steeped in varied architectural history will be thrilled!
As well as the castle tour, there is an interpretation museum and more. Cardiff landmarks definitely shouldn’t be forgotten when considering Europe’s favourite places, and the castle is a big reason why.
20. Ales Stenar (Ale’s Stones)
These prehistoric stones that rival Stonehenge are among the best landmarks in Sweden. Europe’s famous places are often overstated, but this quiet stone ship dates back between 1.5 to 5 thousand years ago.
There are many theories to the purposes of this stone, the most popular being an Iron Age burial ground. Others believe it’s a cult centre or even a sun calendar, connected to the solstices and the lunar standstill. It’s a place to go to get away from the world, a mystical wonder amongst famous landmarks in Europe.
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21. Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey is one of London’s most famous landmarks, and it’s easy to see why. Located in the heart of the city, this 900-year-old building has been a centre for worship, coronations and even royal weddings. Famous couples like William & Kate and Charles & Diana got married here.
The exquisite architecture is breathtaking, with ancient cloisters and soaring towers reflecting its long history. Inside, you’ll find beautifully decorated chapels and stately tombs that pay tribute to some of Britain’s most famous figures. Westminster Abbey is truly a sight to behold – a must-see when visiting London!
22. St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City
Vatican City, Rome
Without this iconic building, no list of famous landmarks in Europe would be complete. St. Peter’s Basilica is arguably one of the most famous churches in the world. Its distinctive dome has adorned the skyline for centuries, and its artworks, sculptures and paintings inspire awe in visitors.
23. Sagrada Família
This famous and iconic church is a masterpiece of modern architecture, designed by the famous architect Antoni Gaudi. Sagrada Família stands out amongst famous European buildings with its unique and intricate design – many of the towers are inspired by nature, from forests to mountainsides.
While it’s still under construction, the famous church is one of the best famous places in Europe for visitors to explore and admire. Sagrada Familia has recently become a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which makes it even more special!
24. The Hungarian Parliament Building
One of the famous landmarks in Europe is Hungary’s parliament building. This impressive structure overlooks the Danube river and is one of the best famous places in Europe to visit.
The building has been a symbol of democracy since it was built in 1902, and it stands tall amongst the cityscape of Budapest, with its distinctive dome and spire. Inside, you can admire the famous frescoes and sculptures that adorn the famous chamber where decisions are made.
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25. Tower Bridge, London
Tower Bridge is one of the most iconic landmarks in London, and it’s easy to see why. Built in 1894, this beautiful bridge spans the River Thames connecting the north and south banks of the city. Its distinctive Victorian architecture is breathtaking, with two imposing towers connected by a high-level walkway.
This famous bridge is famous for being a Victorian masterpiece – it was built between 1886 and 1894 to help with increased traffic flow over the River Thames. At night, its lights illuminate the sky making it a sight of beauty. Tower Bridge is a must-see when visiting London – an incredible feat of engineering that reflects the city’s rich history and culture.
26. The Louvre Museum
The Louvre museum(The World’s largest art museum) is maybe the best in the world. Once home to Frech Royalty, the Louvre is home to the most famous paintings in the world.
Nowadays, visiting the Louvre can take a long time if you haven’t booked a ticket before you go. Get your tickets here for skip the line entre >>
Even if you can’t shell out for a ticket, it’s still worth visiting this Unesco world heritage site.
27. Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is one of the famous landmarks in Europe famous for being the official residence of The British Royal Family. Buckingham palace has been a symbol of the royal family since 1837 and it’s famous for its distinctive architecture and beautiful gardens.
The famous impressive landmark is also famous for its daily Changing of the Guard ceremony, where visitors can watch soldiers in their uniforms perform a marching routine. This ritual is one of the must-see things when visiting London!
28. Arc De Triomphe
The famous Arc de Triomphe is one of the famous landmarks in Europe famous for honouring those who fought in The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. This famous arch stands proud amongst the cityscape of Paris.
Arc de Triomphe has inscriptions and famous sculptures, as well as the tomb of the Unknown Soldier underneath. Make sure you don’t miss out on seeing Arc de Triomphe when visiting Paris – it’s one of the best famous places in Europe to visit!
29. Milan Cathedral
Milan Cathedral is one of the most impressive landmarks in Italy and a must-see for anyone visiting Milan. Located in the heart of the city, this awe-inspiring cathedral took nearly 600 years to complete and features a stunning mix of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architectural styles.
Its soaring spires and intricate sculptures make it one of the largest churches in Europe, while its interior is decorated with beautiful frescoes, marble altars and stunning Venetian stained glass. Milan Cathedral is truly a sight to behold – an unforgettable experience when visiting Italy!
30. Buda Castle
Buda Castle is an iconic landmark in Budapest, Hungary and one of the city’s most impressive attractions. Located on the west bank of the Danube River, it was originally built in 1265 and has been rebuilt several times over the centuries.
The castle is home to a vast complex of palaces, galleries, museums and churches, making it a must-see if your visiting Budapest. From its beautiful cobbled streets to its ornate turrets and Baroque towers, Buda Castle boasts breathtaking architecture that reflects Hungary’s rich history and culture.
31. Notre Dame Cathedral
Notre Dame de Paris is a stunning example of French Gothic architecture and one of the most iconic landmarks in France. Located on the Île de la Cité, the cathedral was built between 1163 and 1345 and remains one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture.
Inside, you can admire its intricate stone carvings, soaring arches and vibrant stained glass windows that create an atmosphere of awe and reverence. There are beautiful stained glass windows, impressive stone carvings, and an iconic bell tower. Notre Dame also serves as a powerful symbol of France , connecting modern-day Paris to its rich and vibrant past.
32. Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate is a symbol of Berlin. Built to commemorate German victory over France in 1806, it’s the only remaining gate from when they were first built as an entranceway for all those coming into town back then!
North up on Paris Square, you’ll find the Reichstag building, which houses both chambers common among other European nations’ Parlaments but also many rooms dedicated justly remembering Jews who died during World War II – such hallowed ground can’t be overlooked by anyone visiting this beautiful city.
When the Berlin Wall fell, the Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of unity and opened to traffic in 1989.
33. Reichstag Parliament Building
The city centre of Berlin is home to many historic buildings, including the Reichstag and the German Parliament. The Parliament is located in the city’s historic Town Hall, which was built in the early 19th century.
The building has a classical facade, and its interior is decorated with many murals and paintings. The Parliament is a popular tourist destination, and its chambers are open to the public.
Visitors can also tour the historic building, including a stop at the Museum of German History. The Parliament is a great place to learn about Germany’s history and political system, and it’s also a lot of fun to explore.
33. Mont Saint Michel
This famous castle was built between the 8th and 16th centuries and stands atop a rocky island off the coast of Normandy. It’s one of Europe’s most famous pilgrimage sites and remains an iconic part of French history.
Climb to the top of the castle to get a breathtaking view of the Normandy countryside.
36. Windsor Castle
One of the most famous castles in Europe is Windsor Castle. Built nearly a millennium ago, it has served as a royal home and fortress for the British royal family since its beginnings.
The castle contains an armoury, a chapel, and St George’s Hall—a famous venue for hosting state banquets. Take a guided tour of the famous Windsor Castle to see why it is one of Europe’s most famous landmarks.
37. Neuschwanstein Castle
Located in the Bavarian Alps, the castle was built by King Ludwig II in the late 19th century. Inspired by the work of Richard Wagner, Ludwig II constructed Neuschwanstein as a tribute to the composer.
Today, the castle is one of the most popular landmarks in Germany, attracting over 1.3 million visitors each year. While Neuschwanstein is often referred to as “the Disney castle,” it is actually a much more impressive and elegant structure.
With its soaring towers and fairytale design, Neuschwanstein is truly a must-see for any traveller to Germany.
38. Prague Castle
Prague, Czech Republic
Located in the heart of Prague, this famous castle is one of the largest castles in the world. It served as a royal residence for many centuries and its famous courtyards and towers are a stunning sight. It also houses famous landmarks such as St Vitus Cathedral and Old Royal Palace.
39. London Eye
The famous 135-meter-tall ferris wheel is one of London’s most famous landmarks. It offers spectacular views of the city and provides a unique experience if you want to take in the sights from above. You can also enjoy stunning views from the top of the wheel during sunset and at night, making it one of the most popular things to do in London.
Oia is a picturesque village located on the Greek island of Santorini. Known for its breathtaking views, white-washed buildings, and blue-domed churches, it is one of the most popular destinations in the Mediterranean.
You can wander along its cobbled streets and enjoy breathtaking views over the caldera while taking time to explore its many boutiques and cafes. Oia’s stunning views make it a must-see destination in Greece.
41. Charles Bridge
Prague, Czech Republic
This famous bridge is an iconic sight in Prague and has been connecting two parts of the city since 1402. It is full of statues and provides stunning views of the Vltava River, Charles Bridge tower and Prague Castle. Be sure to take a stroll across this famous landmark and soak up its unique atmosphere.
42. The Royal Palace of Madrid
This famous palace is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family and has been in use since 1764. It is home to various historical artefacts, artworks and other famous attractions, such as the famous Armory Courtyard and Gardens. Make sure to explore all this iconic landmark offers when you visit Madrid.
43. The Palace of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles is one of Europe’s most famous landmarks. It was the home of French royalty for centuries and is now a museum and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Its gardens and Hall of Mirrors has drawn millions of visitors year upon year.
44. Church of Santa Maria Del Fiore
This famous church is one of Florence’s most famous landmarks, with its beautiful dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi dominating the skyline.
The Cathedral contains works from some of Italy’s most famous artists such as Donatello and Michelangelo.
45. Château de Chambord
Château de Chambord is famous for being one of the largest and most impressive chateaux built in the Loire Valley during the time of Renaissance France. This famous landmark has more than 400 rooms inside and boasts an impressive French formal garden with elaborate landscaping that extends over 13 km!
The Grand Canal is one of Venice’s beloved landmarks where travelers can take gondola rides or admire the famous palazzos from a vaporetto along its banks.
46. Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is one of the famous landmarks in Istanbul. It was built as an Orthodox basilica in 537 CE and later converted into an Ottoman Mosque.
The building has since been transformed into a museum that contains over 900 years of history, art, and culture within it. Its interior features Byzantine mosaics
47. Grand Canal
The Grand Canal is one of Venice’s beloved landmarks where travelers can take gondola rides or admire the famous palazzos from a vaporetto along its banks. The canal was constructed in 1181 and connects the main parts of the city, making it both an important historical landmark as well as a beautiful sightseeing destination.
48. Giant’s Causeway
Antrim County, Northern Ireland
Giant’s Causeway is an iconic UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its interlocking basalt columns that look like stepping stones leading down to the sea. The 40,000 basalt pillars were created by volcanic activity over 60 million years ago and have since ecome a major attraction for tourists from all over the world.
The Giant’s Causeway is also home to a variety of wildlife, including seabirds, seals and even whales in the nearby waters. You can explore the site by using the wooden walkways that have been built to protect it from erosion.
49. Alhambra Palace
Alhambra Palace is one of the famous landmarks in Granada and a must-see for any traveler. The palace was built as an Islamic fortress in 889 CE and later expanded by Moorish rulers to become the famous landmark it is today. Its complex architecture, beautiful gardens, and amazing views make it an unforgettable experience.
50. Piazza San Marco
Piazza San Marco is one of the famous landmarks in Venice. The famous square is flanked by Renaissance buildings such as the Doge’s Palace, St Mark’s Basilica, and the famous Campanile tower.
Enjoy gelato on the steps ofthe famous basilica or watch the street performers in action. It’s a great place to admire the city’s history!
51. Riga TV Tower
Here comes the most interesting for kids attraction of Riga, Latvia – the TV tower. It is a magnificent building with an observation deck and several restaurants. The observation deck is located on the top floor of this structure which is 250m high. The tower was built in 1975, and it can be seen from any point in the city. It is one of the most famous landmarks of Latvia.
Thesymbolizesin Riga is an open-air observation platform that offers amazing views of the city centre and the surrounding area. You can see as far as other Baltic countries like Estonia, Lithuania, and Russia. If you want to get up there, it’s best to go early in the morning because once it gets dark, it can be hard to find your way back down again!
There are two ways to reach this destination: by foot or by using the lift. You must pay for both options separately, so keep this in mind when deciding how to visit the observation deck! Also, ensure you don’t forget your camera, as there will be plenty of amazing photo opportunities up there!
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52. Berlin TV Tower
The Berlin Tower is one of the most iconic landmarks in Germany. The tower was built in the early 20th century and stands at the height of nearly 300 feet. The tower is located in the centre of Berlin, making it an ideal spot for views of the city. The tower is also a popular destination for tourists who admire the views and take photos.
In addition to being a landmark, the Berlin Tower is also a symbol of the city’s history. The tower was destroyed during World War II, but it was rebuilt after the war and now stands as a reminder of the city’s resilience.
53. Zagreb Cathedral
One of the most popular historical sights in Zagreb is Zagreb Cathedral. The cathedral was built in the 11th century and is one of the most important landmarks in Croatia. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in Croatia. The Cathedral is also home to a large number of museums and galleries that feature artwork from different eras.
54. Vasco Da Gama Bridge
The Vasco Da Gama Bridge, spanning the Tagus river in a length of 12.3km, is the longest bridge in Europe and was the longest in the world when it was completed in 1998. It’s a feat of engineering, with three main spans and a total of 6600 beams holding up the deck. The bridge has become one of Portugal’s major landmarks and is a popular spot for tourists and locals.
55. Temple of Poseidon, Cape Sounion
On Cape Sounion sits one of the most atmospheric Greek landmarks, the sister temple to the Parthenon of Athena – the Temple of Poseidon. Poseidon was the god and master of the sea and many other things! – and was therefore well-worshipped by the seafaring ancients.
The archaeological site contained many terracottas, pottery, plaques, pieces of jewellery, and sculptures left from worship at the temple and in offering to Poseidon. There are also many figurines of horses, another domain of Poseidon. The ruins of an even more ancient temple sit underneath its foundations!
#56. Shipwreck Beach, Zakynthos
The exposed cove of Shipwreck Beach (more properly called Navagio beach) on the Greek Island of Zakynthos was named the world’s best beach in 2018 and achieved fame after being featured in the Korean drama Descendants of the Sun, but neither of those is what makes it stand out so much!
The nickname comes from the wreck that sits abandoned in its centre. The MV Panagiotis was apparently smuggling contraband from Turkey when it ran aground on the 2nd of October 1980 – which might even have been a deliberate manoeuvre to escape the pursuing Navy! In any case, the shipwreck can still be visited to this day. One thing, though – you can only reach the beach by boat!
57. Palace of Knossos, Crete
Knossos was the political and cultural centre of the Minoan civilisation, and the excavated site is known as the world’s oldest city. The palace was abandoned, and the city was destroyed around 1370 BCE, probably due to an act of war.
According to mythology, the legendary architect Daedelus built the palace and also built a maze – the great Labyrinth – to hold the king’s monstrous stepson, the half-bull Minotaur, who Theseus eventually slew. The ruins of the tower where Daedelus and his son Icarus were kept and the walls of the Labyrinth can still be explored today.
58. The Hohensalzburg Fortress, Salzburg
The Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the most famous landmarks in Austria. The castle has more than 900 years of history, during which its appearance has not changed much. Here you can get a picture of the life of the Austrian nobility for almost a thousand years. Among other things, Hohensalzburg Fortress Museum is one of the largest European castles and one of the best-preserved fortresses in Europe!
Today, Hohensalzburg covers an area of 30 thousand m² with a maximum length of 250 and a width of 150 meters. For centuries, one of the most amazing historic European castles served as the main citadel of Salzburg, but in its history, it was subjected to a real siege only once.
In 1525, the rebellious miners and peasants tried to overthrow the power of the local prince. Hohensalzburg successfully withstood a two-month siege up to the arrival of reinforcements from the emperor. Today, this medieval building is one of the city’s main landmarks.
59. Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is one of the best Austrian landmarks and a symbol of the capital of Austria. It was built in 1359-1511 on the central square of Vienna and is a mixture of Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance architectural styles.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is one of the tallest buildings in modern Vienna: its spire soared over the city to a height of 135 meters. The temple houses many items of cultural and historical value.
On the observation deck of the southern tower, you can see amazingly beautiful views of Austria’s ancient and beautiful capital.
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Sylvie Simpson is the founder of European Cities with Kids. For the past 6 years, she has been travelling all over Europe whenever she has the chance, both solo, for work and with her daughter. Sylvie is on a mission to help people make the most of city breaks in Europe with kids and helps over 50,000 readers per month plan and make the most of their trips in Europe with kids.